UK – The University of Birmingham is offering 20 International Postgraduate Scholarships worth £10,000 towards the tuition fee a one year Masters (Taught or Research) programme for 2014 entry.
Level: Master degree
Study at: University of Birmingham, UK
Subjects: Any eligible one year masters degree programmes offered at the University in 2014
International applicants: available
Amount: Covers the tuition fee
Deadline: 28 February 2014 (annual)
# Konferensi ketiga yang diikuti Ana Stnk.
Sent by: Ana Stnk (F&T)
Sent by: Ana Stnk (F&T)
“The role of educators and students in build integrity”, tema konferensi ASEAN 2013 merupakan cerita pertama saat saya bisa mengikuti ASEAN Conference.
silahkan baca selengkapnya di :
Sent by: Ana Stnk (F&T)
Intonation refers to the way voice goes up and down in pitch when we are speaking. Many attempts have been made to show connections between intonation pattern and particular types of grammatical structure and the following list show some of these.
Poedjosoedarmo proposed three basic grammatical components needed in developing a sentence, they are words items, words order, and suprasegmental units (tones, intonation, and stress). He also added that there is also one more important component that is prosody that determines the pronunciation of given form, as having a particular segment as the focus.
Poedjosoedarmo has tried to discuss about the linguistic universality related to grammatical examples in order ways, it should be than rules. They can, however, help in giving students guidance in making appropriate choices with regard to intonation:
1. Information questions with who, what, where, etc: falling intonation (if being asked for the first time), e.g. what’s your name? Where do you live?
2. Questions expecting yes/no answer: rising (Have you got your pen?)
3. Statements: falling. (He lives in that house)
4. Imperatives: falling. (Sit down. Put it on the table)
5. Question tags expecting confirmation: falling (You’re French, aren’t you? He’s very tall, isn’t he?
6. Question tags showing less certainty: rising (You’re French, aren’t you? Your train leaves at six, doesn’t it?
7. Lists of items: rising and finally falling. (You should bring pen, pencil, eraser, and ruler)
Practice the intonation of the following sentences!
1. How do you pronounce this word?
2. He cannot attend his lesson today.
3. She knocked loudly on the door.
4. Have they studied English?
5. Excuse me, Koyomi, you’re Japanese, aren’t you? (Expecting confirmation)
6. And Sara, You’re Italian, aren’t you? (showing less certainty)
7. The students are from Chinese, Brazilian and Spanish.
8. Go away!
9. Shut the door, please!
10. Don’t go!
How to give focus of certain words are not the same (Poedjosoedarmo, 1994: 91). There are some languages that count on the intonation, but there are also languages that give a certain case marker besides emphasizing on the word stress to get the focus clearly. In English sentences, word-stress is very important. It shows the focus of the sentences (Poedjosoedarmo, 2000 and Jones, 1962.) it denotes the understanding and information point to the hearer (Jackendoff, 1977:230; Allan, 1986: 8).
English has SVO (Subject + Verb + Object) word order (Hawkins, 1983) or because subject and object are always nouns the English word order can also be written NVNN (Poedjosoedarmo, 2001). NVNN is Noun + Verb + Noun + Noun + because sometimes the object consists of two nouns, one for the direct object and another one for the indirect object. In English stress can be on any positions such as in subject position for Noun word or phrase (N1), then indirect object position for N2, and direct object position for N3.
Here are some examples,
(1) JOHN wrote poetry.
(2) THE SALESMAN was warned to look out for.
In (1) – (2), the stress words are in subject position. Sentence (1) stresses on the JOHN, means that the information transferred is that it is JOHN not James, Rick, or the other boy who wrote the poetry. Then in (2), it is stressed on THE SALESMAN to inform that the salesman is the one who should be careful, not the navigator or swimmer.
From those examples and explanation, we know that the stressing words above have more power and become the most important information or focus from the speakers to the hearers comparing to the other parts of sentences. In other word we can also say that within stressing the English sentences will be more compact and understandable.
In other case, word stress on certain syllable is possible in another implication. There are some English verbs and nouns having the same forms. Sometimes it is hard to identify whether the words are verbs or nouns. Those words are among other present, contest, contrast, decrease, digest, contact, insult, increase, etc. However this will be clearly differentiated if we take a look at the syllable stress on the words. For these words, stress on the first or second syllable will change or move the word order in the sentence. The different stress position will put the words in different categories.
There are some patterns that can be observed from the English Word-Stress. You needs to notice the number of the syllable that the world has because the pattern are generated from the number of syllables. The patterns are:
Oo : stress on the second syllable from the end – most words of two syllables and longer words ending in –ic, – ive, – tion follow this pattern, for examples:
System, detective, automatic, administration.
Ooo : stress on the third syllable from the end – most words of three syllables or more but ending in – ity, – logy, – graphy, – cracy, – sophy, are of this kind, for examples:
Family, university, psychology, geography, etc.
Oooo : stress on the fourth syllable from the end- most words of four syllables or more ending in – iator, -ary, – acy, – mony, follow this pattern, for examples:
Gladiator, documentary, ceremony, etc.
..oO: stress on the final syllable. Most words with “foreign” endings like: – ette, – oo, – ine, – esque, – eer, – ique are of this kind, for examples: cigarette, shampoo, ablique, etc.
– Stress remains on the same syllable when the endings – able, – ly, are added, for examples: advise- advisable, comfort-comfortable, absolute- absolutely, automatic- automatically
– Stress shifts to the prefix when the verb changes to a noun, for examples: export (v)- export (n), record (v) – record (n), etc.
Call for Applications for the 2014 Study of the United States Institute for Student Leaders on Global Environmental Issues
The Public Affairs Section of the Embassy of the United States in Jakarta is pleased to announce the call for applications to the 2014 Study of the U.S. Institutes for Student Leaders on “Global Environment Issues.”
Deadline 13 January 2014.
informed by Sukrisno Nino
Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika pada Tahun 2014 kembali membuka kesempatan dan menyediakan beasiswa pendidikan S2 di luar negeri bagi PNS di lembaga kementerian dan non-kementerian termasuk PNS TNI/ POLRI, baik di lingkungan pemerintah pusat maupun pemerintah daerah serta karyawan/ karyawati swasta yang bekerja di bidang TIK.
untuk info lebih lanjut silakan check di link berikut ini:
Pendaftaran akan dibuka pada tanggal 2 Januari 2014 di situs http://balitbang.kominfo.go.id/balitbang/beasiswa dan penyerahan berkas lamaran beasiswa paling lambat tanggal 15 Februari 2014 (cap pos).
informed by Nor Wanto
Semoga Sukses. Aamiin… (F&T)
13 Universitas bergengsi di Jepang yang tergabung dalam Project Global 30 akan mengadakan Pameran Pendidikan Jepang di Jakarta dan Yogyakarta. Mereka akan memperkenalkan program program perkuliahan berbahasa inggris mereka pada Pameran Pendidikan Jepang ini. Pameran Pendidikan akan diadakan pada hari Sabtu tanggal 25 Januari 2014 di Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia, Jakarta dan pada hari Minggu tanggal 26 Januari 2014 di Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta. Bagian Pendidikan Kedutaan Besar Jepang dan JASSO akan turut hadir pada Pameran Pendidikan ini. Pameran pendidikan ini tidak dipungut biaya, namun pengunjung diharapkan melakukan pendaftaran di : http://www.uni.international.mext.go.jp/info/2013/11/global-30-japan-education-fair-indonesia/?lang=IN
sent by Sukrisno TBI’10